Pennsylvania Spousal Support Rules

Before a divorce is made final, spousal support orders may already be laid out. Spousal support is often accompanied by negotiations for alimony pendente lite (“while the action is pending”). However, alimony pendente lite is only temporary and made after the action for divorce is filed but prior to the declaration of the final divorce. Spousal support, on the other hand, is financial support paid to either party after the separation, but prior to the finalization of the divorce. In Pennsylvania, spousal support rules are treated differently.

Pennsylvania Spousal Support Rules

In Pennsylvania, the court may allow alimony in cases where the support is considered necessary, and only if it is reasonable after the divorce decree is made. Spousal support is generally paid to the party with the lower income or who has no source of income.

There are four types of alimony payments in Pennsylvania: permanent, rehabilitative, limited duration, and reimbursement. The court will determine which type of alimony to use by considering different factors, such as the income of both spouses, the duration of the marriage, inheritances, assets and liabilities, standard of living while the marriage was active, contributions of the spouse to the marriage or home, education or training, age, and physical, mental, and emotional condition. Under Pennsylvania spousal support rules, a spouse is not entitled to alimony after the divorce. If it is awarded, it is discretionary.  

How Much Can You Expect to Pay or Receive?

The amount of financial support that one party will be required to pay another party, under the law, will generally depend on the income of the paying party and the factors mentioned earlier that the court would consider reasonable. There are no set guidelines regarding formulas for calculations. When Pennsylvania courts decide on the amount that one party would be required to pay the other party, they will look at the different factors in the marriage to determine the type, manner, duration, and amount of the payments that the receiving party can expect.

Note that gender is not a factor in decisions regarding financial support. Any financial support is a means to provide for the needs of a spouse once the divorce is finalized. In no way is financial spousal support a way to punish a spouse and enrich the other.

Do You Need Legal Assistance?

Divorce can be a complicated process, with numerous factors and issues to consider. To ensure fairness and protection for both parties, it is critical that you enlist the help of a legal professional. Talk to a Pittsburgh divorce attorney who has the right background and experience to help you manage the process fairly and satisfactorily.

Top Causes of Commercial Truck Wrecks

Commercial trucks are long and heavy. They also carry heavy goods most of the time. Because of this, when they are involved in an accident, the resulting damage and injuries can be quite serious. Every year, around the country, thousands of people are killed in auto crashes involving commercial trucks and smaller passenger vehicles that are not designed to withstand the impact. It is important to note that commercial truck drivers are usually much more experienced and competent than the drivers of passenger vehicles. What is it that causes commercial truck accidents? Read on for the main causes.

Top Causes of Commercial Truck Wrecks

1. Driver Fatigue

Truck drivers usually drive thousands of miles at a time. Their trips usually take several days. Imagine a driver taking goods from the east coast to the west coast or vice versa. Since drivers are usually paid based on the number of miles they drive, they usually have an incentive to drive over long distances without stopping to rest. Unfortunately, the human body is only able to stay awake and focused for so long. When drivers get fatigued, their physical and mental faculties become compromised. As a result, they can easily get into a crash.

2. Distracted Driving

This is one of the main causes of auto crashes, both for small cars and commercial trucks, fiddling with the radio or navigation system, texting, and eating while driving are usually to blame. When the driver of a commercial truck is distracted, they can easily get into a crash as reaction times are diminished and it takes longer to correct such big and heavy vehicles.

3. Improper Loading

Truck drivers do not just need to be great at driving, they also need to understand how to properly distribute the load on the truck. After all, weight distribution can have an impact on their safety. Improper loading can make it difficult or impossible for the driver to maneuver or steer the truck around bends. This can cause serious crashes.

4. Poor Maintenance

Heavy plant and machinery like trucks need to be maintained on a regular basis. The brakes, suspension, and tires need to be checked and adjusted regularly. Lack of maintenance or improper maintenance has been cited as one of the leading causes of commercial truck wrecks. Imagine brake or steering failure when the truck is moving fast on a public road. The resulting property damage and physical injuries can be unfathomable. Therefore, trucks need to be routinely serviced after a certain number of miles by competent professionals.


Personal injury claims involving commercial vehicles tend to have higher payouts than personal injury claims involving another person. If you have been injured in an accident involving a commercial truck in Louisiana, you should contact an experienced Baton Rouge 18-wheeler accident attorney to help file a claim, take care of your legal negotiations, and get you properly compensated for your injuries and property damage.

Will the SEC Investigate Every Tip it Gets?

It’s unfortunate, but you might come to work one day, only to realize that your employer might be engaging in some shady business. Whether it’s a backroom business deal, fraud, bribery, or money laundering, your boss is up to something, and you don’t want to get caught up in the lawsuits and penalties.

So, you might be thinking about turning to the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, with your tip. You’ll do the right thing, get the protection you need, and possibly receive a significant award for your actions.

But, what types of tips will the SEC take? Before you send in your tip, make sure that your tip is strong enough to be investigated.  

Evidence is Necessary

Before you begin, you and your SEC whistleblower attorney will need to assess the situation and make a detailed case. Without the full information about your case, the SEC may not have the information they need to investigate.

Every year, the SEC receives thousands of tips from employees or investors like you. Often, they must choose which cases are most important or urgent, and that may depend on what they have to work with. For example, someone who leaves a tip that only covers what they believe their employer did won’t be so useful.

Instead, the SEC needs details. You and your lawyer will review your tip before you send it in and make sure it includes all necessary information you need to succeed. For example, you may need evidence like suspicious paperwork, photographs, and other information.

Often, this means your tip might be several pages long, often stretching over one hundred pages. If it does, great—that means more chances that you have unique details that the SEC needs. The more information you have, the more likely it is that they’ll catch the responsible party.  

Seek Original Information

A useful tip is one that the SEC doesn’t already know about. You might already know that the company is being investigated, so you gave them the information you had about the situation. Unfortunately, because you’re not so close to the situation, you’re unable to give them useful information.

When preparing a whistleblower tip, you’ll need information that they wouldn’t be able to find otherwise. Inside information is key to stopping fraud and unethical actions. So, you’ll need to prepare your tip and make sure your information is new.

For example, even if they’re already investigating, you might have information they need. You’re close to the situation, and you have information that the public doesn’t know. Because the SEC doesn’t have access to this information, your tip can be used to further push the case forward and bring the people responsible to justice.

Getting a Strong Tip

It’s tough to know that your company is engaging in some dangerous or unethical business deals. Not only are you possibly implicated, but you’re not sure if your tip is strong enough to help. You want to help and get the award you deserve, but how do you get your tip investigated?

If you’re not certain how to get a tip that the SEC will investigate, talk to your lawyer about your options. They’ll review your tip and what you’ll need to get it investigated. A solid tip can change an investigation, so when you have something to share, speak up with the help of an attorney.

Timeline for Florida Personal Injury Lawsuits

A major injury can take time and effort to heal. You’ll have surgeries, therapy, and other treatments that can take time to complete. Unfortunately, you don’t have time to wait for your injuries to heal before you act. So, how much time do you have, and how long will your claim take?

Because the timeline for your claim can be a little complex, you’ll need a Boca Raton personal injury attorney to answer that fully, but there are certain dates you should know about.

Time Limits to Filing

First, keep in mind that your time to file is limited. Personal injury lawsuits have certain time limits, and if you don’t act within those limits, you’ll lose your chance to recover. Your claim will be dismissed, and your compensation will be barred.

For most personal injury suits, you’ll need to act within four years. That should give you the time you need to find your claim’s worth and fight back. There are exceptions to this limit, however. If you’re injured by a doctor’s negligence, you’ll only have two years after the date of the discovery, or four years regardless of the date.

For example, let’s say you had surgery a year ago, and you have just discovered that you’re having more problems because your doctor was careless. While a year has already passed, you’ll still have another two years to file your claim anyway.

Trials Take Time

Once you’ve filed your claim, you and your lawyer will need to prepare for your trial. The trial process can take time, however, from the pre-trial work your lawyer will help you through to the verdict. It can take more than a year to get the full compensation you deserve for your claim.

A lawyer, however, can help you speed up the process as much as possible. They’ll have the tools to quickly calculate what your compensation is worth, for example, and they’ll fight back when you’re drained and overwhelmed.

Getting Your Compensation Now

Dealing with a personal injury lawsuit isn’t easy. It can take years since the injury to get the compensation you deserve. Fortunately, the right help can make a difference. When you have a lawyer on your side, your claim has a better chance of concluding sooner.

That means you’ll need to work with your lawyer to prepare a strong defense and an aggressive approach, with all the evidence you’ll need to get your full compensation. It can take much longer alone to be ready for your trial, so get someone with the experience you need.

So, seek out help with your personal injury lawsuit. While the timeline for every claim will be different, depending on the complexity of the case, the right lawyer will get it settled fast.

Ways to Enforce an Alimony Order

You may walk out of court feeling good about the alimony payments that a judge has ordered your ex-spouse to pay. That fact, however, is that there’s no guarantee you’ll receive those payments. Your former spouse needs to honor that legal agreement, although plenty do not. However, there are many ways to enforce an alimony order to ensure that you get the support you need following your divorce. A divorce lawyer in Rancho Cucamonga can help you get the money that is rightfully yours following your divorce.

Contempt of Court

If you have court-ordered alimony and it’s not being paid, a Contempt of Court motion may be filed. This procedure is generally used when it is believed that the ex-spouse has the means to pay but flat out refuses to do so. The ex-spouse will be called to defend himself or herself, even if they have left the jurisdiction in which the divorce was filed. Judges overseeing the case have the power to jail the former spouse for non-compliance until payments are made.

Wage Garnishment

Another solution is to petition to have your ex-spouse’s wages garnished. Federal law limits the amount of wages that may be garnished at 25%. California law, however, may increase that percentage to up to 50% depending on your circumstances, the circumstances of your ex-spouse, and your divorce agreement. The Consumer Credit Protect Act will protect your former spouse from being dismissed from his or her job because of wage garnishment.

Private Collection Agency

Retaining the services of a private collection agency is another way to enforce an alimony order. Many support collectors provide services to those who are owed alimony or child support. Note, however, that those services usually come with a 30% fee. Make sure that you thoroughly investigate the collection agency in which you are interested before retaining its services. Select one that has available legal assistance, if necessary.

Qualified Domestic Relations Order

Another, little-known way to get the alimony money that is your legal right is to file a Qualified Domestic Relations Order (QDRO). This order will help you get money from your ex-spouse’s retirement plans. It does so by creating an alternate payee’s right, namely you, to receive proceeds from the plan. This order is applicable to a number of different retirement plan types including 401Ks, 403Bs and other ERISA plans. The order may not be applied to traditional IRAs.



California Drunk Driving Statistics

If you have to drive in California then you may want to know more about what to watch out for on the roads you drive each day. One major issue that you should be aware of when you are out on the road is that intoxicated driving is a problem in California.

It seems like at this point people should understand the dangers involved in drunk driving; yet people continue to get behind the wheel after consuming alcohol. It’s unfortunate that so many innocent lives are taken because of those who can’t be bothered to hire an Uber or taxi cab after having a few drinks.

Below, we’ve compiled a list of California drunk driving stats so that you can be more informed on the dangers of drinking and driving, and hopefully you can avoid being involved in a crash with an intoxicated driver.

What the Stats Say

Below you’ll find some statistics on drunk driving in California:

  • Between 2003 and 2012, 10,327 people were killed in California in collisions involving a drunk driver.
  • More males than females died in collisions involving alcohol use in 2012.
  • In the United States, about one out of three traffic accidents involves a drunk driver.
  • In 2012, 1.8% of Californians reported that they get behind the wheel after drinking too much alcohol.

What Could You Do to Prevent Drunk Driving?

Safety starts with you and if you don’t ever get behind the wheel, that is one less person on the road driving intoxicated. However, there are other ways that drunk driving can be prevented. Teaching others about drunk driving statistics, especially young people, can help to prevent accidents down the road.

Identifying at-risk drivers early and getting them alcohol treatment classes can help to prevent drunk driving collisions.

Laws can help in keeping drivers from hitting the roads after having those drinks. Other effective measures are license suspension, security checkpoints, counseling, mass media campaigns, and school education programs.

You can also help to prevent accidents by suing those responsible for causing injuries, such as the intoxicated driver. Filing an injury case can draw more attention to the dangers of intoxicated driving, and it can compensate you for your injuries and losses.

Have You Been Hurt in an Auto Wreck in California?

If you’ve been seriously injured in a vehicle collision the above stats may not be as useful to you as finding a good lawyer. An Orange County car accident lawyer, for instance, can assist you in filing an injury claim against the drunk driver responsible for your crash, your injuries, and your damages.

Hold drunk drivers accountable so that others aren’t hurt in an accident involving intoxicated driving the same way you were!

Can Speeding Tickets Lead to Jail Time?

Going a few miles per hour over the speed limit is something we often don’t think about until we see those blue lights in the mirror. You’ve been pulled over, and you’re, of course, a little nervous. What if you can’t pay the ticket? Can they send you to jail?

Unfortunately, you could be sent to jail for your speeding ticket. New York takes speeding seriously, so you’ll need an experienced lawyer to fight your speeding ticket. Otherwise, you could suffer some severe punishments for going a little fast.

The Points System

When you plead guilty to and pay a ticket, you’ll receive points on your license, based on your speeding offense. In most cases, you won’t be arrested for these points, even if you accrue more than eleven points. When you reach this amount, however, your license will be suspended.

Going well over the speed limit can get you in more serious trouble, however. If you’re speeding excessively, you could receive between fifteen and thirty days in jail for your actions. While this isn’t a common consequence, you could be arrested for these speeds.

Speeding with Other Considerations

In some cases, however, you might have been arrested for more than speeding. Many people who are driving while intoxicated are initially pulled over for speeding. Unfortunately, speeding at any time can be dangerous, but it’s especially dangerous then.

When you’re intoxicated, your judgement and reaction times are slowed. Driving under the influence means accidents are more likely, so if an officer pulls you over for speeding and for driving under the influence, you could be arrested for your actions.

While speeding rarely leads to jail time on its own, speeding can worsen many other dangerous conditions. If you were texting, talking, intoxicated, or otherwise distracted from your task while speeding, you could suffer more serious consequences than just a speeding ticket.

Fighting Back Against Jail Time

Unfortunately, while you might otherwise be a careful driver, a few miles over the speed limit could net you a speeding ticket. It’s unfortunate, but you will have the chance to fight back. You’ll need to plead “not guilty” and fight back if you want to avoid jail time.

When you’re pulled over for speeding, keep in mind that you could face an embarrassing arrest and jail time, so be ready to fight back. Speak to an attorney about your ticket, whether you could face jail time, and how you can avoid a speeding ticket altogether.

Idaho Wrongful Death Laws to Know

Idaho wrongful death lawsuits are subject to the Idaho Code 5-311 and include pertinent definitions, procedures, and requirements pertaining to wrongful death civil cases. Some of the main areas of Idaho wrongful death laws to know involve the time limits of filing a wrongful death claim and potential damages that can be awarded in instances where a wrongful death claim is successful in court.

Defining the Term ‘Wrongful Death’

In the state of Idaho, ‘wrongful death’ is defined as when one person’s death is caused by wrongful or negligent actions of another. A wrongful death claim is usually made by relatives of the deceased person against the person whose actions resulted in the wrongful death. Most often, the family members of the deceased are seeking damages for the decedent’s wrongful death.

A wrongful death claim is similar to a personal injury claim, except that instead of the injured person filing the claim, family or representatives of the deceased person are representing them. Family members, heirs, or representatives of the deceased person may also make claims of their own against the party who caused the death, for damages to compensate for their pain and suffering.

Who Can File a Wrongful Death Claim?

In the state of Idaho, parties allowed to file a wrongful death claim include representatives of the decedent’s estate, heirs to the decedent’s estate, family members of the deceased such as spouses, children, parents, stepchildren, or any blood relatives that can prove dependence on the deceased individual.

Time Limits of Wrongful Death Claims

To file a wrongful death claim in Idaho, state law requires the claim to be filed within a defined time frame. According to the Idaho statute of limitations, wrongful death claims must be filed within two years of the decedent’s death. If this window of time is missed, it is most likely that the court will not even hear the case. In order to ensure that you are within the two-year time period, be sure to contact a lawyer who is experienced with wrongful death lawsuits in Idaho.

Wrongful Death Damages

In the state of Idaho, wrongful death claims are generally viewed as pertaining to economic damages, or non-economic damages.

Economic Damages

Economic damages are based on actual dollar amounts; these are usually hospital bills, medical bills, receipts, and pertinent financial documents. Under Idaho state law regarding wrongful death cases, economic damages are not capped, meaning there is no claim limit. Most often, these damages involve medical expenses of the decedent’s final care, funeral and burial costs, loss of financial support to the decedent’s family, and compensation for the loss of services provided by the decedent.

Non-Economic Damages

Non-economic damages are usually qualitative, rather than quantitative. These damages do not refer to financial losses suffered by the family members or representatives of the decedent, but rather refer to the pain and suffering associated with the loss. These kinds of damages are capped at $250,000 per family member.

How Can a Lawyer Help with IRS Trouble?

No one wants to deal with the IRS, but if you are facing a tax audit, negotiation, or charge, you have no choice in the matter. Hiring an attorney who specializes in complex tax issues is more likely to produce favorable results than attempting IRS negotiations yourself. Not only can a lawyer guide you through the process based on personal experience and knowledge, they can also be one of the main determining factors in your audit or negotiation’s outcome.

When You Should Hire a Tax Attorney

There are a number of tax-related situations where it is advisable to hire a tax lawyer to help with IRS problems.

Tax Audit

If you are being audited, legal representation can help you in the negotiation process throughout the audit. Experienced tax attorneys know how to make the IRS a compromise offer that can result in your debt being settled for less than what you owe. Other strategies involve requesting a penalty abatement, or aiding in the establishment of a payment plan to ease the repayment process for you.

Negotiations with the IRS

The IRS bureaucracy is a tough one to navigate through, and without knowledge of the applied language in tax contexts, you will find it hard to keep up and know what to say, when to say it, and whom to say it to. Giving a tax attorney ‘power of attorney’ means that your lawyer can handle all direct communication with the IRS on your behalf, and their goal is securing the best possible financial outcome for you.

An IRS Notice or CP

If you have received an IRS notice, also known as a ‘CP’, the IRS is warning you of a tax issue to due with your return or returns. These reminders can be regarding an error made or debts that remain unpaid. A tax attorney will know exactly how to proceed and can spare you the confusion and stress of trying to navigate those waters by yourself.

Criminal Charges

From time to time, the IRS is obligated to enforce criminal charges. In these situations, you most definitely will need the assistance of a tax attorney. Most criminal IRS charges are the result of tax fraud or tax evasion; both carry heavy penalties with eight out of 10 IRS criminal investigations resulting in prison time for the defendant. Hiring an attorney can help you completely avoid prison time, get a reduced sentence, and lessen hefty fines.

How a Tax Attorney Can Help

A tax attorney advocates for your in their interactions with the IRS on your behalf. They speak for you, negotiate for you, and can guide the IRS’s line of questioning. Tax attorneys do this for a living, so they move forward and through IRS dealings with efficiency and expertise. Hiring a tax attorney can save you a lot of time and money in the long run, not to mention the stress and frustration of going up against the IRS bureaucracy unarmed. Thanks to attorney-client privilege, your attorney cannot disclose any of the information you give them, and they still have to act in your best interest, regardless of what they know.

If you’re facing an audit, negotiation, or charge by the IRS, you might be asking yourself, “How can a lawyer help with IRS trouble?” An experienced and knowledgeable tax attorney can advocate for you and negotiate on your behalf while knowing the language and meaning of tax laws.

How an Attorney Can Help Expose Nursing Home Abuse

When you decide to have an elderly loved one placed in a nursing home you hope that your loved one is going to be well cared for, respected, safe, and happy. You wouldn’t even dream that a loved one could be abused in the very facility that’s supposed to protect the elderly adults under their care.

If you ever suspect that something’s not right at your loved one’s nursing home you should act; however, it may be difficult for you to prove your suspicions. Abuse happens when you aren’t around, so how can you ever be sure?

There are certainly signs of abuse that you should watch out for. If you notice these signs of abuse, then you may want to get a nursing home abuse lawyer on your side. A lawyer can help gather any evidence of mistreatment or neglect that you’ve documented and put together a case for you.

Putting a stop to nursing home abuse can not only protect your elderly loved ones, but you may also be preventing other vulnerable adults from being harmed.

Types of Nursing Home Abuse

There are several different types of elder abuse that can take place in nursing homes.

Physical abuse is when an elderly adult is being harmed physically, such as: hitting, scratching, pinching, pushing, shoving, punching, smacking, etc.

Mental and emotional abuse is when your elderly family member is being belittled or tormented.

Sexual abuse is any sexual content without consent, including with elderly adults who can’t give consent.

Financial abuse takes place when someone manipulates or tricks an elderly adult for financial gain. This can include accessing bank accounts, stealing an elder’s personal property, or tricking an elder into adding the person to the elder’s will, or giving them access to financial records.

Neglect is a common form of nursing home abuse and includes maltreatment, malnourishment, failure to provide adequate medical care, and failing to meet an elder’s physical needs in any way.

Signs of Nursing Home Abuse

Anytime something doesn’t seem right you should probably trust your instincts and look into things. If you suspect that your family member is not being treated right, here are some of the signs that may indicate abuse. There is no substitute for being proactive and taking your loved one’s care seriously. If an elder adult can’t look out for him- or herself, then you have to do it.

  • Signs of physical abuse could include – scratches on the body, bruises, especially hand imprints or bruising around the wrists, broken bones, torn or dirty clothing
  • Signs of mental and emotional abuse – behavioral signs such as changes in mood or personality, aggressive or defensive behavior, fearfulness, anxiety, depression, or withdrawal
  • Sexual abuse – signs include emotional and behavioral changes, torn clothing, bruising around the genitals, or anxiety, fearful behavior, depression, flinching away from physical contact
  • Financial abuse –unauthorized changes to an elder’s financial records is an indicator of abuse; if something seems strange or fishy, such as: large withdrawals or changes to financial paperwork that doesn’t make sense
  • Neglect – weight loss, frequently ill, dirtiness or poor hygiene, bed sores, malnourishment

If you watch out for these signs and maintain a record of what you’ve found, your attorney can help take your evidence and use it to expose nursing home abuse. Exposing abuse can help your loved one receive justice and compensation for this horrendous experience. In addition, you can keep other vulnerable adults from also being mistreated.